This Map Explains the Saudi-Iran Proxy War. By Henry Johnson

Following Riyadh’s controversial execution last weekend of Shiite cleric Nimr al-Nimr, a diplomatic showdown between Saudi Arabia and Iran has threatened to further destabilize the Middle East and jeopardize Syrian peace talks between the regional archrivals.

Riyadh and its Sunni allies in Bahrain and Sudan have cut diplomatic ties with Tehran; the United Arab Emirates downgraded its relations with the Iranian government; and Kuwait brought home its ambassador. And Iran’s proxy militias in Iraq and Lebanon have vowed to retaliate against Saudi Arabia over the cleric’s death.

The map below, created by French cartographer Emmanuel Pène for the Maghreb and Orient Courier, illustrates Iranian and Saudi regional alliances and how the two countries could use the Middle East’s sectarian divisions to their advantage. Click on the map for an enlarged view.